This is a phenomenon caused by the gradual warming of our planet.
It is caused mainly by the release to the atmosphere of gases that cause the greenhouse effect (mainly carbon dioxide), a product of human activity.
Climate change affects our planet globally, altering many natural systems around the World, with its effects mainly reflected in changes in temperatures, changes in rainfall patterns and increased frequency and intensity of extreme natural events.
This is the loss of forested areas, mainly the product of environmentally inappropriate actions by humans.
It is a process that has increased in recent years in Patagonia. It is linked to logging to obtain wood as a raw material and to the use of fire as a tool to make land more suitable for livestock and agricultural production.
This is the gradual transformation of some particularly fragile ecosystems, mainly as a result of human activity, which leads first to the loss of plant cover and, as a consequence, an erosion of productive soil by wind and rain.
In certain places of Patagonia, this is a effect that has been growing mainly due to overgrazing for animal husbandry. This has led to the degradation and transformation of habitat and to the loss of soil productivity of thousands of hectares.